News and Updates for Healthcare Professionals

AHRQ 20 years

After 20 Years of Improving America’s Healthcare, AHRQ Makes Bold Plans for Future Successes
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AHRQ Advances Pain Management

AHRQ Advances Pain Management Through Greater Use of Digital Technology
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AHRQ National Healthcare Quality & Disparities Report

2018 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report
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Did you Double Check? Communicating with Older Adults

After communicating with older adults and addressing health literacy barriers, take one last step and check your work. Ask yourself have I:

  • considered their comfort with technology and online health information
  • researched the health literacy issues for my older adult population

For more of these tips, visit the Clear Communication Checklist on our website.

1,402,582 Medicare beneficiaries with multiple chronic conditions under an Accountable Care Organization - reported care management and coordination efforts fall short:

 

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Engaging Patients in Their Care Decisions To Promote Better Health and Well-Being

Engaging patients in decisions about their care has been shown to contribute to positive health outcomes, but physicians and patients need tools to better guide informed conversations, according to AHRQ grantee Alex H. Krist, M.D., M.P.H.

Dr. Krist, a professor in the department of family medicine and population health at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) in Richmond, advocates engaging patients in care decisions that are based on the best available evidence and helping them play a more active role in creating their own care plans. His work as an AHRQ-funded primary care researcher and as a clinician and faculty member in VCU’s family medicine residency program reflects this conviction.

For example, when patients learn about the benefits and risks of screening recommendations, “they can really be active participants in managing their health and working with their care team to get the care they want,” Dr. Krist said.  Engaged patients can also ask more informed questions or raise concerns about screenings for breast, prostate, and colon cancer, which collectively account for 10 percent of all U.S. primary care visits, according to Dr. Krist. 

He received an AHRQ-funded grant in 2007 to create an interactive preventive health record called MyPreventiveCare that was designed to help patients better understand their care options in a manner that reflects their individual values and concerns. The health record combined information about a patient’s clinical status, family history, and health behaviors with preventive care recommendations, including those from the U. S. Preventive Services Task Force Link to Exit Disclaimer (USPSTF), of which Dr. Krist is a vice chair.  Patients had access to a personalized overview of preventive services in plain language, as well as motivational messages, links to additional resources, decision aids, and reminders.

Initially implemented in eight primary care practices in Virginia, the tool helped prepare patients and clinicians for specific conversations or decisions, according to Dr. Krist. “Patients can go in and have a whole different discussion with their clinician, whether it’s a more shared decision, or whether it’s participating more in creating their treatment plans,” he said. The system is now used by nearly 50 practices in five States.

Engaging patients with multiple chronic conditions can be more challenging for physicians, however. These patients have complex needs that can be exacerbated by untreated mental health issues, social needs, or unhealthy behaviors. 

That’s why Dr. Krist’s latest AHRQ-funded grant, awarded in 2019, will help primary care physicians better understand how to engage patients with multiple chronic conditions in creating their own care plans, with the larger goal of addressing the root causes of poor health.

In the project, patients will be screened for certain health risks and will work with clinicians to prioritize their health needs.  When clinicians engage patients with multiple chronic conditions, patients generally identify one or two concerns that are most important to them, according to Dr. Krist.  “There’s a reason they’re identifying it. Maybe it’s something they feel they have an ability to change.”  Based on this information, clinicians will create a care plan that reflects patients’ preferences. 

Dr. Krist is a fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians and was elected to the National Academy of Medicine in 2018.

Be an Organization That Advances Health Literacy

Everyone can benefit from communication that is clear and easy to understand. There are many resources to help healthcare organizations lower barriers for people to get and use health information. Check out our website for the “Ten Attributes of Health Literate Health Care Organizations”.

Also, check out the Clear Communication Index! A research-based tool that helps you develop and assess communication materials for your intended audience.

Practical Guide to Expand Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder with Medication-Assisted Treatment

Today, the National Quality Forum in partnership with the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association (BCBSA) released Enhancing Access to Medication-Assisted Treatment, a practical guide that provides concrete strategies, implementation examples, tools, and resources to assist healthcare delivery systems, practitioners, and payers in expanding the use of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) to treat opioid use disorder (OUD).

In 2017 alone, the U.S. experienced over 70 thousand overdose deaths, of which 47 thousand were related to opioids. That is one opioid-related death occurring every 11.4 minutes. MAT is an evidence-based treatment for individuals affected by OUD that utilizes Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved medications in combination with behavioral therapies.

Although greatly underused, MAT is often more cost-effective as it has shown to reduce general health care expenditures, emergency care, and other healthcare utilization when compared to other OUD treatments that do not use medication. Building on NQF’s work in Opioid Stewardship and Technical Expert Panel review, this Guide continues efforts to address the opioid crisis by enhancing the capacity and efficiency of clinicians to treat more patients with OUD through MAT.

“With thousands of Americans struggling with an opioid addiction, it’s critical that proven, evidence-based treatments are available for them when they need it,” said Jennifer Atkins, Vice President, Network Solutions at BCBSA. “With the resources and clear pathways for implementation this Guide provides, we will be able to more effectively address this national epidemic that’s affecting an ever-growing number of Americans in communities across the country.”

A number of factors including societal stigmas, limited resources, and a lack of clinician experience and training contribute to the slow adoption of MAT by healthcare practitioners and organizations despite its demonstrated success. This valuable resource provides concrete strategies, implementation examples, tools, and resources for healthcare delivery systems, clinicians, payers, and community organizations to strengthen and put MAT programs into action. For more information, learn about how you can make a difference in the opioid crisis through the actions included in the NQF Medication-Assisted Treatment Guide.

Moderate calorie restriction in young and middle-aged adults significantly reduces heart and metabolic risk factors independent of weight loss

Participants saw improvement in waist circumference, blood pressure, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin sensitivity and fasting glucose.

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