News and Updates for Healthcare Professionals

The National Library of Medicine expands access to coronavirus literature through PubMed Central

The National Library of Medicine (NLM), part of the National Institutes of Health, is working on multiple fronts to aid in the COVID-19 response through new initiatives with the global publishing community and artificial intelligence researchers. NLM is expanding access to scientific papers on coronavirus for researchers, care providers, and the public, and for text-mining research. This work makes use of NLM’s PubMed Central® (PMC), a digital archive of peer-reviewed biomedical and life sciences literature. PMC currently provides access to nearly 6 million full-text journal articles.

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CDC High Obesity Program

CDC’s Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity launched a program called Programs to Reduce Obesity in High Obesity Areas, also referred to as HOP, and this collection highlights the program’s approach and describes both overarching and program-specific evaluation findings. Seven of the articles highlight the work of land-grant universities, and one describes HOP’s implementation approach, evaluation framework, and key findings.

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New coronavirus stable for hours on surfaces

SARS-CoV-2 stability similar to original SARS virus.

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Blood test method may predict Alzheimer’s protein deposits in brain

NIH-funded study reports advance in blood-based detection of ptau181, a biomarker of Alzheimer’s disease.

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Study finds irregular sleep patterns double the risk of cardiovascular disease in older adults

Variability in sleep duration and timing may represent new and independent heart disease risk factor.

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Diabetes in the US: Where Do We Stand?

CDC’s Division of Diabetes Translation just released the National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2020, which presents the most recent scientific data on new and existing cases of diabetes, health complications, risk factors, costs, and much more.

The report analyzed health data through 2018, providing statistics across ages, races, ethnicities, education levels, and regions. Data from this report are crucial to informing prevention and management efforts going forward.

Be sure to check out our latest feature for a snapshot of findings as well as access to the full report. You’ll also find out what CDC is doing to reverse the epidemic, from identifying people with prediabetes to helping prevent diabetes complications.

NIH clinical trial of remdesivir to treat COVID-19 begins

Study enrolling hospitalized adults with COVID-19 in Nebraska.

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Opioids and Opioid Use Disorder TEP Final Report

This report considers issues related to acute and chronic pain management and substance use disorders (SUD). The guidance provided aims to achieve the application of the proper healthcare quality metrics across the U.S. healthcare system. Using the best metrics, in turn, seeks both to continue to reduce opioid deaths verifiably, to encourage the implementation of best practices of pain management, to decrease the incidence of other SUDs, and to decrease illegal drug use by those unable to obtain prescription pain medication.

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Neural Signature Identifies People Likely to Respond to Antidepressant Medication

Researchers have discovered a neural signature that predicts whether individuals with depression are likely to benefit from sertraline, a commonly prescribed antidepressant medication. The findings, published in Nature Biotechnology, suggest that new machine learning techniques can identify complex patterns in a person’s brain activity that correlate with meaningful clinical outcomes.

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AHRQ Views Blog: New Guide to Help Primary Care Practices Manage Opioid Patients

A new guide to help primary care practices manage patients taking opioids for chronic pain is highlighted in a new post by AHRQ Director Gopal Khanna, M.B.A. The new Self-Service How-To Guide helps practices implement the AHRQ-funded Six Building Blocks, a structured, systems-based approach to treating patients who use long-term opioid therapy. Clinicians and staff, quality improvement personnel, practice coaches, and clinic administrators can use the new guide to implement the Six Building Blocks in a three-stage,15-month timeline. Developing tools and resources to reduce opioid overdoses and the prevalence of opioid use disorder is a priority for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and AHRQ.

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